The Kingdom of Tonga is the remaining monarchy in the South Pacific, located between Hawaii and New Zealand, Fiji to the northwest, Samoa to the northeast, Niue to the east, New Caledonia and Vanuatu to the far west.

There are 5 main islands – Tongatapu, Vava’u, Ha’apai, ‘Eua, Niuafo’ou/Niuatoputapu in which the largest is Tongatapu where the capital Nuku’alofa is located.

Named as the “Friendly Islands” by Captain James Cook on his first visit in 1773       


Head of State: HM King Tupou VI

Head of Executive (Cabinet): Hon. Prime Minister

  • 12 Cabinet Ministers

Legislative Assembly: Hon. Speaker

  • 9 Noble Representatives
  • 17 People Representatives


  • Court of Appeal
  • Supreme Court
  • Lands Court / Magistrate Court

Political Structure

Constitution of Tonga  
Head of State (The King) & Privy Council   
Executive (Cabinet)  Legislative Assembly  Judiciary 


Social Structure

  • King
  • Nobles
  • Commoners

Four Core Values

  • Fefaka’apa’apa’aki – Mutual Respect
  • Feveitokai’aki – Sharing; Cooperating and fulfilment of mutual obligation
  • Tauhi vaha’a – Loyalty and Commitment
  • Lototoo – Humility and Generosity

Fast Facts

  • Population = 103,306 (2011 census)
  • In which, 70% of the above population resides in the capital of Nuku’alofa, on the largest island of Tongatapu
  • Total Area: 747 km2 (288 sq mi)
  • Sea Area: 30 km2 (12 sq mi)
  • Currency: Tongan Pa’anga (TOP)
  • GDP: $799.3 Million
  • GDP per capita: $7,738
  • Tonga Labour Force: 33,422 (2011)
  • Major Trading Partners
Export  Import 
New Zealand  New Zealand 
Japan  Singapore 
Australia  USA 
USA  Fiji 
Hong Kong  Australia 
Fiji  China 

Investment Opportunities 

  1. Tourism
    • Hotels and Motels
    • Accommodation – to expand and improve quality
    • High-end Restaurants, Tour operators and other tourism- related activities
  2. Agriculture and Fisheries
    • Agro-processing and export (maize, soy beans, eggs, beef, pork etc)
    • Provision of Agricultural Stores
    • Purpose-built export pack-house for seafood
    • Commercial sport fishery (expanding tourism related fishing)
  3. Other Areas
    • Energy
    • Manufacturing
    • Service Sector
    • Computer data entry facility
    • Leasing or rental finance facility
    • Quick printing service
    • Veterinary clinic
    • Transportation rental services, etc

Business Start-Up Overview

Step 1 

Foreign investment approval 

Business License Unit, Ministry of Commerce, Tourism & Labour 

Step 2 

Company incorporation 

Company Registration Division, Ministry of Commerce, Tourism & Labour 

Step 3 

Business license 

Business License Unit, Ministry of Commerce, Tourism & Labour 

Step 4 

Working/business permits

Immigration Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade 

Go to top